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Fishwrapper - Thought crime on campus

They're coming to take the professors away



"What did you learn in school today / dear little child of mine? / I learned our government must be strong / It's always right and never wrong ..."

-- Tom Paxton, folk singer

It's too bad more people didn't pay attention to a forum last week. At Emory University, a score or so scholars gathered to talk about something called "academic freedom." More precisely, the topic was "Academic Freedom in a Time of War" — but we'll get to "a Time of War" bit in a minute.

In dispassionate tones befitting a university, a half-dozen of Emory's finest expressed fears that their work was being manipulated and censored. While some examples were esoteric for most audiences — the influence of Hindus in programs studying the religion, for example — others are downright scary.

Recalling the bleak days in the 1950s, when Sen. Joe McCarthy's acolytes required university professors to sign loyalty oaths and teach only patriotic versions of reality, Emory professor Shalom Goldman noted that it wasn't just politics that caught the inquisitors' eyes. The entire English department at Ohio State University was fired for being insufficiently pro-American.

"More than 800 faculty members nationwide were forced out of jobs," Goldman said. The real toll was much higher. Thousands of professors quietly left the ivory tower rather than defend their politics — or, as happened in Florida and elsewhere where homophobia combined with anti-intellectualism, their sexual preferences. Even more thousands were frightened into silence.

That college dons felt compelled to fret over their own freedom says a lot about the state of the nation. The additional fact that no one seems to much care about what promises to be a revival of McCarthy-style witch hunts on campus is chilling commentary.

Fear and ignorance are the powerful tools of the would-be enforcers. The public is buffaloed by the alarmist rhetoric. (Are we at Alert Status Orange or Yellow today?) A recent survey by the Freedom Foundation reported that 41 percent of the respondents would place limits on the academic freedom of professors and ban press criticism of the military. (You could hear the Bushies, the neocons and the chickenhawks all yell, "Yippee.")

Last month, the blitzkrieg (and that word was chosen precisely for its Nazi allusion) against academia roared into high gear. Daniel Pipes, one of America's most notorious Arab-haters and Islamophobes (qualities held in high esteem in Washington these days), launched a website, www.campus-watch.org, that solicits students to spy on their teachers. Campus-watch.org kicked off its pogrom with "dossiers" on eight professors and 14 colleges that the self-appointed heresy-finders found apostate.

This follows a similar onslaught earlier this year, when Republican ideologue William Bennett demanded the rousting out of impure thought from campuses. In an article titled "Maddening Deeds at U.S. Universities," he declared that "the condition of moral clarity at our universities is murky, at best. We should not be neutral about our country."

What constitutes correct thinking, according to mullahs such as Pipes and Bennett, is rigid support of a right-wing agenda that embraces the war policies of both America and Israel.

Pipes is best known for his strident and often racist denunciations of Arabs and Islam. In an effort to divide Americans — one that if you inserted "blacks" for "Muslims" and "whites" for "Jews," would be vigorously damned as KKK-speech — he told the American Jewish Congress a year ago that he worries "the presence and increased stature, and affluence, and enfranchisement of American Muslims ... will present true dangers to American Jews."

I contacted Pipes, and he not only confirmed his quote but, incredibly, added: "It is accurate in itself but you must note that this was spoken to a Jewish audience. I make the same point respectively to audiences of women, gays, civil libertarians, Hindus, Evangelical Christians, atheists, and scholars of Islam, among others, all of whom face 'true dangers' as the number of Muslims increases."

Pipes' latest offensive goes much wider. He takes aim at some of America's leading experts on the Middle East, such as Georgetown University's John Esposito, generally considered one of the world's foremost thinkers on the relationship of Islam and the West.

Pipes has met with solid resistance. Scores of professors have condemned his smear effort and demanded to be put on his list of thought-crime culprits.

Ironically, what Pipes is trying to silence in America — criticism of Israeli and American policies — is readily available in media in Israel and the rest of the world. A statement signed this month by scores of Israeli intellectuals, the overwhelming majority of them Jewish, contends:

"We, members of Israeli academe, are horrified by U.S. buildup of aggression toward Iraq and by the Israeli political leadership's enthusiastic support for it. We are deeply worried by indications that the 'fog of war' could be exploited by the Israeli government to commit further crimes against the Palestinian people, up to full-fledged ethnic cleansing."

No doubt that many people reject such opinions. And, many (including me) embrace them. My point is that in America, they are not debated because the press fears being called unpatriotic, and thus allows the intimidating fear tactics of people such as Pipes.

Emory's Goldman notes that the Middle East "experts" on the tube "are the ones who couldn't get tenure. There are 1,200 members (of the academic association of Middle East scholars) and 450 of those are specialists on the modern Middle East. But none are on TV."

Rigid pro-Americanism is the other theme. Of course, America's finest tradition, dissent, is steadfastly ignored by the pure-in-mind. Bennett cheerleader David Horowitz, a former lefty journalist who took a guilt-ridden turn to the ultra right, said last month of campus peace activists: "There is no such thing as an anti-war movement in a country that's under attack. There is only a movement of America haters who want to abet and comfort our enemies."

That theme is a GOP favorite — the slimey attack on war critics as unpatriotic.

"I learned that everybody's free / That's what the teacher said to me ..."

-- Tom Paxton



The hot items at the Emory symposium were an odd mix: the Middle East, the Bush regime's hell-bent race to war — and evolution.

Benjamin Freed, an anthropology professor who lives in Cobb County, spoke about the words high school biology teachers fear using — Charles Darwin, opposable thumb, evolution (of course) and (surprisingly) dinosaur.

"If you talk about dinosaurs," Freed said, "that implies fossils and that implies evolution, and teachers fear students will become so upset" that they won't be able to successfully take tests.

The backdrop is the Cobb County school board's firm endorsement of ignorance in its decision last week to "allow academic freedom" by putting science teachers in the crosshairs of religious zealots.

The reality is that, in the name of scholarly inquiry, Cobb politicians ushered in the well-organized phalanx of Christian fundamentalists. If science teachers talk about the origin of the species or life, they'll be confronted with demands to teach creationism (by whatever spin it is currently called).

"The one group [the school board] didn't listen to were the teachers," Freed lamented.

Ultimately, it will be the kids who are damaged. Their science "education" will either lack crucial components — keep in mind, there is no division in the scientific community on the validity of the "theory" of evolution — or they'll end up with minds full of the religious beliefs of a tiny majority of alleged Christians.

"I learned that wars are not so bad / I learned about the great ones we have had / We fought in Germany and in France / Someday soon I might get my chance..."

-- Tom Paxton

Elsewhere on the truth vs. agitprop front, Emory last Thursday hosted Jimmy Carter. He called the likely Bush attack on Iraq a "devastating mistake ... a direct violation of the U.N. charter. It will alienate potential allies and cause the United States to be an outcast."

Carter, a much greater statesman as an ex-president than the dim Bush will ever be even while in office, got minor press attention.

The next day, War (not Defense) Secretary Donald Rumsfeld told an adoring Chamber of Commerce crowd that he had "proof positive" of Iraq's plans to launch weapons of mass destruction at the U.S. But then he slipped, conceding the "proof" might only be "40, 50, 60 or 70 percent" solid. For innocent civilians in the line of fire, Rumsfeld's 40 percent will likely mean they'll be 100 percent dead.

He regurgitated most of the administration spin, including the claim that the world really wants us to invade Iraq and that nations are secretly "tossing support over the transom."

No specifics, contradictory logic — but the press uncritically gushed.

The type of war Rummy forecast embodied all of the reality as the toy "Forward Command Post" in the accompanying photo sent to me by www.antiwar.com website boss Ed Garris. That is a real toy on sale from the JCPenney website (price: $44.99). It's an obscenity missing only a few splattered Iraqi women and kids. It goes without saying that the patriotic department store offers no "Peace Vigil" doll.

Hey, who needs a fully informed public anyway? The mere thought is anti-American. I think I'll buy each of my kids a "Forward Command Post."

Senior Editor John Sugg, who when elected to Congress from Georgia's 7th District promises a chickenhawk in every pot, can be reached at john.sugg@suggforcongress.com or at 404-614-1241.??



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