The Kids Are Alright
March for Our Lives - Atlanta teens bring good trouble.
Our April cover piece, with its “Dear Dr. King” letter from John Lewis, planted the seed for this month’s cover story. When we asked the Congressman his thoughts on the current political climate and civic environment in the country in general and in Atlanta in particular, he told us to look no further than those young people involved in the March for Our Lives movement. In his letter, Lewis wrote to his mentor, “We’re facing tough times again today. But the good news is that the world knows the path to healing. As in our day, it starts with young people. They see the way forward. Dr. King, you’d be proud to see that American kids are once again getting into good trouble. College kids, high school kids, and even younger are leading the way once again, like we did in Birmingham, Selma and Albany.“ These words led us to the four remarkable kids leading March for Our Lives – Atlanta, an outgrowth of the March for Our Lives organization formed by survivors of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in Parkland, Florida.
CL: Please introduce yourselves and tell us where you go to school
Nurah Abdul Hawk: I’m 14 and attend Chapel Hill High School.
Royce Mann: I’m 16 years old and starting at Grady High School.
Adrina Bradley: I’m 18 years old, and starting at UGA this Fall.
Lyric Gaskell: I’m 16 years old and homeschooled.
CL: What does the Second Amendment mean to you?
Adrina Bradley: I think of it in terms of how it was originally intended — for militias. I think a lot of Americans think of it as for personal weapons, but I think the original intent was for state-organized militias to protect themselves from the national government.
Royce Mann: I did a research paper on this a couple months ago. The Second Amendment, when you look at history, is entrenched with a few things. One is white supremacy. When you look back at those militias, one of their main purposes was for white folks and, especially in the South, slave owners to display power over people of color, over slaves, and to repress slave rebellions.
While a lot of people see guns as a symbol of freedom — it is true that guns were used by militias and people in the Revolutionary War to gain freedom and independence — guns were also used to oppress people. We have to confront both sides of that history if we’re really going to have an honest conversation.
CL: What do you think the U.S. has learned since Sandy Hook?
Lyric Gaskell: Nothing, honestly, I don’t feel like anyone learned anything. It’s almost as if they’re waiting for something to be big enough. I remember thinking that if the US decided a bunch of kindergarteners weren’t worth [changing the gun laws for], why would I expect them to care about other people, let alone people of color. [Sandy Hook] really set the standard of, “You guys don’t care, so why would I think that you would care about me?”
Adrina Bradley: I’m going to disagree with her. There was a study done that most Americans support some form of common-sense gun legislation, so it’s coming around, just like other civic issues. People are becoming more open to the idea as it becomes more prevalent in the media and becomes more of an issue. We also have an entire generation of students who are vehemently anti-gun because of the fear attached with going to school, with going to the movie theatre, with going out. Every day you think, “Is this the place where I’m going to die?”
Royce Mann: Yeah, I think when you look at the issue, there’s clearly a separation between the public and our elected officials. I mean 97 percent of Americans support universal background checks, yet our elected officials haven’t passed anything to make that a reality. Because of the power of special interest groups, the gun lobby, the NRA — officials haven’t done anything that their citizens … that their constituents want. It’s as simple as that.
Nurah Abdul Hawk: Yeah, our politicians have been bought. I thought after Columbine, maybe we’d get some gun laws in place, and then Sandy Hook happened. We’ve seen many politicians this year, after Parkland, come out and say, “I’m not accepting any NRA money,” so you’ve seen a few politicians make that switch. I think that the politicians who are still bought don’t really have a chance at re-election because our youth is now voting.
CL: Do you think NRA money plays that important a role?
Nurah Abdul Hawk: I think it’s the money. To run a campaign successfully you need millions of dollars, we’ve seen politicians take thousands, millions, from the NRA. Our own president has taken 30 million. To run a successful campaign you need money, but the people who support the NRA, the citizens who are strongly holding onto the Second Amendment, will re-elect these people. But that’s only a small percentage of modern-day Americans, as we’re seeing after tragedies like Parkland and Santa Fe.
Royce Mann: I think that’s true, there is a bit of trying to appeal to their base, but I also think that a lot is tied in with the bigger issue of gerrymandering. There are politicians who will have a district where maybe 70 to 80 percent of their constituents are part of that 3 percent of the public that doesn’t support universal background checks, and so you have these politicians who are trying to appeal to these polar ends of the spectrum — when in reality the vast majority of Americans are a lot closer to the middle.
CL: How do you define universal background checks?
Royce Mann: Background checks on all gun purchases. Right now there are a few loopholes that really need to be closed, like the gun show loophole, where anybody can go to a gun show and buy a gun without a background check. It’s ensuring that wherever [a gun is bought] there’s a good, comprehensive background check. Also, we need these laws to be enforced. Adam Putnam is running for governor in Florida, and his office didn’t process 100,000 background checks because his assistant didn’t know the password to the database. So it’s enforcing the existing laws, passing new laws, and closing up the loopholes in the existing laws.
CL: What brought the four of you together?
Adrina Bradley: It started with the March for Our Lives, that’s how we initially met, through Janel Green, who’s with the Georgia Alliance for Social Justice, and they work to plan events for social justice in Georgia, so that’s how we met. The next step was actually using our social media to grab different students’ attention. During the March for Our Lives we set up social media accounts on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook to spread the word and to advise people of things, like “ Don’t bring a sign with a stick on it.”
Lyric Gaskell: I found out about it [the Atlanta chapter] through the march. I wasn’t able to participate, but I kept very close watch on the emails regarding it. I really liked that there was a like-minded group of kids out there, and I really wanted to meet up with them, so when I heard of the opportunities, I was excited. I interviewed for it and I made it.
Nurah Abdul Hawk: I went to the March for Our Lives in D.C. I know someone who survived the Parkland shooting. I went to Washington, and I volunteered as a peace marshal, but I live in Atlanta so I wanted to get more involved with the Atlanta chapter. I saw them on social media so I helped to organize the town hall here on April 7th.
CL: What’s the relationship between the Atlanta group and the Parkland group?
Nurah Abdul Hawk: I have a couple of friends from Parkland that I made through the March for Our Lives movement. They’ve been a great help. Anything that you would ask, they would try and provide you with resources, because we’re all in this together. They have done a lot with other grassroots groups, like National Die-In Day for instance, that’s something that I worked on, like, a month ago. They’ve offered a lot of help and outreach, but I know they’re super busy so they can’t always be doing that. But whenever they can, they try and help.
CL: Have you found the best way to get your message across?
Adrina Bradley: No, we’ve been trying different things. A lot of it is accumulating people, we’re getting more people following on social media, so people can see, “Oh, let’s go to this event,” “I’m going to this too!” and it’s just a slow process of bringing people in, saying, “I have this friend, can she come?”
CL: Speaking of social media, for some, it’s like being an armchair revolutionary, you can like and dislike things from your computer or cell phone. Are people acting only online, or are they coming out to the events?
Royce Mann: Uh, did you see these streets out here on March 21st? I think so! It is a combination of being active on social media and then actually having the courage, having the will, to get out there on the streets. But as we’ve seen, 7,000 Georgians had that will and had that courage, so, yeah, I think both of those work hand in hand. I think social media is an amazing tool that for this generation, especially, adults often perceive as a bad thing, “Kids are always on their phones.” As we’ve seen, a lot of what they’re doing on their phones is organizing marches, organizing rallies, really changing the world.
CL: What do you see as your first goals? What’s the first thing you’re trying to achieve or get across?
Adrina Bradley: As a group, we’ve decided to stay focused on gun violence. We want to work with people like Black Lives Matter, or Everytown [for Gun Safety], or Moms Demand Action, to create opportunities for Georgians to speak out and learn about gun violence and how it affects Atlanta, how it affects the Greater Atlanta area, and what we can do, specifically in Georgia, to enact positive change. When we went to the capitol and spoke to some of our lawmakers, we asked a lot about campus carry in Georgia colleges. People can carry guns on campus, and I don’t think guns have any place in schools. Schools are a place of education, they shouldn’t be a place where people fear violence.
Nurah Abdul Hawk: I work with a voter registration service called HeadCount, which does a lot of voter registration around the country. We had one on May 29th in every high school that was still in session. I do a lot of registering people to vote, even though I can’t legally vote. To me, the midterms are a big part of getting the switch, getting the change we want to see in the legislative offices. For me, it’s just flipping the House and Senate orange. Not red. Not blue. Orange.
CL: Orange because … ?
Nurah Abdul Hawk: Gun safety.
Adrina Bradley: I might add that we want to focus on education. Sometimes our civics education fails us. People don’t necessarily know everything about gerrymandering or what issues are relevant. We learn about history, but we don’t actually cover what our taxes are going towards. I want to get kids really involved in their government, talking with legislators, and understanding what’s going on behind the scenes.
CL: Being from Atlanta, do you think there’s anything you bring to the national debate that’s unique to Atlanta?
Lyric Gaskell: I’ve lived in Georgia all my life and lived in the city for about eight years, in Atlanta, Zone 4. Many times people don’t have the privilege or the resources they need to get their stories out to the public. For me, I feel like I represent the other side, knowing the background and having an understanding. There are a lot of stories that are uniquely Atlanta, uniquely black, things that don’t get a lot of attention. Mainly because people don’t want to go in those areas. They think they’re dangerous. Others, they only see profit in them. There is a lot of history here, I feel like it’s my responsibility to bring that to the public’s attention.
CL: How does the history of Atlanta influence you? We are meeting today in the Center for Civil and Human Rights. Have you thought of ways to use what’s happened in the past towards achieving a better future?
Royce Mann: We’re not far from the birthplace of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Ebenezer Baptist Church, where he preached. We’re in John Lewis’ district. It’s really hard to ignore that history, and ignoring it is a huge disservice to that history. Being at the Center for Civil and Human Rights, we can learn so much that impacts the way we conduct ourselves and conduct our group thus far, and I’m sure it will continue to impact the way we work going forward.
CL: What do you see as the main problem confronting students in public schools? Do you see it as a fear of gun violence, or is it something else?
Nurah Abdul Hawk: I go to a majority black school, so gun violence isn’t anything new to us. We’ve experienced this before. Almost everyone in my school has known someone who has been impacted by gun violence. A student shot himself after prom in a pool, a lot of the seniors knew him. The students at my school don’t think any new legislation is going to affect them, these safety-fix bills, because we get hand-me-down books, we get hand-me-down teachers, we get things no one cares about, you know, we’re black kids! I mean, let’s be honest, this issue has been focused around middle-class, white children.
We haven’t given black people the platform in this movement that has arisen around four months ago to speak out, so really, they think these issues don’t involve them, because, how is it going to help a black male? You know, police brutality is a thing, and nobody has been talking about it to the extent that we’ve been talking about school safety, to the extent that we’ve been talking about legislation like universal background checks. I used to live in Bankhead, and some people didn’t even use to leave their neighborhood. But the four-block radius I lived on, people could get Uzis and Glocks and AKs. Where were they getting them from?
Lyric Gaskell: I agree with a lot of what you said. Talking to my friends, we’re all aware that the only reason Parkland really got a lot of attention was because, you know, an event like that was never supposed to happen to an area like that, to people like that … and it’s not as if this is new. Ferguson … kids in Ferguson have been doing these movements, they just don’t get the coverage.
I know there were some black kids in Parkland, they haven’t even been interviewed on CNN, they’ve barely gotten any coverage.
I don’t think gun violence is the primary thing on a young black kid’s mind at school because of the fact that there are so many other issues. For me, I was in public school for a long time at Metro Atlanta. The resources there are not the best, you are getting the hand-me-down stuff, you are … you know for a fact that, like, you aren’t getting the resources that kids in North Atlanta are getting. … I’ve been in experiences where the school that I went to, you would see legislators who would come into our school building, and [treat it like] a charity case, like a photo op and be like, “Okay, I did my little work for the poor black children, okay that’s it,” and they wouldn’t come back again. [Gun violence] is not the primary concern because there are so many other layers on top of that.
CL: The last several years you guys have had to go through lockdown drills at school — how has that affected your thinking and how you want to be involved in March for Our Lives?
Lyric Gaskell: I’ve been in two scenarios where it wasn’t a lockdown drill, it was a lockdown … it was very scary. The first one was when I was in middle school. At the time, there wasn’t a lot of coverage. We were 11, 12, so a lot of students weren’t really grasping the severity of the situation. It was really scary. You had to be quiet. You had to be locked down against the wall, and you’re sitting there wondering, “If something does happen, what is the last thing I’m going to say, what is the last text I’m going to send to my parents?” The second time it happened was in high school. It was very similar. It’s just a very scary situation. And I know for me, it had me rattled for a very long time after. I was very disturbed.
Nurah Abdul Hawk: Yeah, I’ve been doing lockdown drills since kindergarten so like, I kind of feel like a soldier. I’ve had three instances where it wasn’t a drill. The last day of school, it wasn’t a drill — it was finals week, the fire alarm rang, everybody went into lockdown mode, and then we heard three loud bangs, I mean, but they weren’t gunshots, I think somebody was just getting tackled.
A teacher at a school in my county shot himself, so everybody went into lockdown, but the school where the shooting happened, everybody went home. I saw on Snapchat that nobody really cared that the teacher killed himself inside the classroom. I don’t think anybody really cared that much because we’re raising our youth to be soldiers. At what point do we stop the school-to-prison pipeline, at what point do we stop doing lockdown drills? I feel like we’re being trained to go into the military. Is that what school is supposed to be?
CL: One of the lines you hear from the NRA is that you, those of you participating in March for Our Lives, are being used by — pick your group — the Democratic party, the this, the that. How do you respond to that?
Royce Mann: I haven’t gotten my paycheck from George Soros yet. Maybe it’s lost in the mail, I don’t know.
Nurah Abdul Hawk: Yeah, on Twitter, this lady was accusing me of being owned by Michael Bloomberg. I’ve gotten a lot of it, like that I’ve gotten George Soros money, Bloomberg money, CNN, the Democratic Party of Florida. I don’t even live in Florida! I’ve gotten it from Barack Obama, the Clinton Foundation, everywhere, it’s really comical.
Royce Mann: With March for Our Lives – Atlanta, Everytown for Gun Safety was helping to support marches around the country. Working with them, they said, “Do what you want to do.” At no point did they tell us what to do, which I think was really great, adults letting young people decide for once. They weren’t trying to control us at all, it was totally the opposite. So I think it’s really insulting when adults say, “Oh you must be controlled by someone else,” because it is denying that we have the intelligence and the power and ability to actually lead these movements as young people. It’s just B.S. and I call B.S. on that.
CL: What does John Lewis’s “good trouble” mean to you?
Lyric Gaskell: For me, good trouble means that sometimes you can’t just wait around for legislators to do what you want. It means taking action, it means getting in trouble. It means, “Oh you’re not supposed to be in this area,” well then, go up in there. They aren’t supposed to be doing all these bad things, they are not supposed to be racially profiling, so it’s kinda like a counter … you gotta be irrational to get rational results sometimes.
Nurah Abdul Hawk: Yesterday, I went to the United States Capitol, and it was pretty crazy. It was like 60 students — some of them from Parkland, some of them from Santa Fe, some of them from the DC area, some from Los Angeles, New York. We had this diverse group of students and we went in the Capitol and were chanting, for two hours, I think. We went to Ted Cruz’s office, we went to Mitch McConnell’s office, to Marco Rubio’s office. We were completely expecting to get arrested and they did nothing. So I think that sometimes you have to put yourself out there to get what you want. When we were chanting in Mitch McConnell’s office, at no point did we think that staffers were going to come out and meet with 10 of us, but they did.
Royce Mann: Some of the worst atrocities in the world have been committed under the guise of something that’s lawful. In this country, of course, when you look at a few hundred years of slavery, the Jim Crow era, not that what we’re seeing now with gun violence can be equated to that, but you have to recognize that just because something is on the books as a law doesn’t mean something is correct! Someone like John Lewis who is in such a respectable position as a congressman now, he’s gotten arrested 40 to 50 times. He was out on the street yesterday protesting the separation of immigrant families. He recognizes that you can be somebody who works in the government, who works for the government, who works to create laws, and yet still realize that some of those laws are just plain crap.
CL: What can people in their 50s and 60s, who have been involved in the Civil Rights Movement and women’s issues, gay rights issues, LGBTQ issues, what can they do to help you?
Lyric Gaskell: I think just be there. I remember on Twitter, during the National Walkout Day, seeing a lot of college-aged and older people saying, “Oh wow, I’m so proud of you!” You know, “They’re doing it! I wish I could do something!” It was really weird, because they can do something! They can get out and help us. It’s almost like they were waiting for the kids to take over. “Oh great, they’re doing their thing, they’ve got it.” You can still help. A lot of us here, we can’t drive places. You can provide stuff. Get involved! There’s no age limit!
Nurah Abdul Hawk: Vote November 6th for orange. Not people, not policy.
CL: What do you hope to inspire people to do?
Adrina Bradley: Register to vote before the midterms. Register for all the students who have died, register for the students who can’t vote, register for the people who don’t have the ability to speak up. You have power, use it for the betterment of the world.
Lyric Gaskell: Don’t be afraid to make change. Sometimes, you might have to do irrational things to get rational results, so don’t be afraid to go out and wreak havoc in the name of doing the right thing for the public.
Nurah Abdul Hawk: Educate yourself before you vote. Educate yourself on legislators, educate yourself on policy, educate yourself on the Second Amendment and the history of the Second Amendment, and then go out there and vote on November 6. Don’t vote for people, vote for policy that you believe in.
Royce Mann: Get out there. Be engaged. Even if an issue doesn’t affect you directly, it’s important to be out there, standing up with others, and fighting for the issues that affect your neighbors, your friends, the people you care about.
- Ruby Bridges was involved with the civil rights movement from the age of six, when her parents and the NAACP chose her to be the first African-American child to desegregate the New Orleans school district.
- After being rejected from the University of Georgia at 18, Hamilton E. Holmes and the NAACP successfully pressed charges against the University for discrimination and granted him entry. In 1963, Holmes would go on to be the first African American student at the Emory University School of Medicine.
- In 1969, Jesse Jackson appointed then 15-year-old Al Sharpton as the youth director of his New York city initiative to locate and create new and better careers for African-Americans.
- Angela Davis, a renowned civil and women’s rights activist and educator, was educated by her parents as a young age; teaching her the disparities between white and black communities and even bringing her along to civil rights demonstrations in her hometown of Birmingham. At 15, she attended high school in New York City, where she organized interracial study groups and began her own education in socialist thought.
- Sylvia Rivera, a noted LGBTQ+ rights activist alongside Marsha P. Johnson in the ’60s and ’70s, began her advocacy in her early teens fighting for civil rights and low-income queer and transgender youth. At 19, she founded Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR) with Johnson in 1970, which offered services for homeless queer youth.
- After transferring from the University of lllinois at 17 years old, Jesse Jackson enrolled in the Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, where he participated in demonstrations for civil rights.
- With three of his fellow students, 18-year-old Joseph McNeil was one of the Greensboro Four who sat at a Woolworth’s lunch counter to campaign for desegregation.
- In 1957, John Lewis was enrolled in Nashville’s American Baptist Theological Seminary, where, at 17 years old, he was first made aware of nonviolent protests and helped organize sit-ins against segregation, much like those of the Greensboro Four.
- Nine months before Rosa Parks’ famous arrest on a Montgomery bus, 15-year-old Claudette Colvin was the first person to be arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat in Montgomery.
- As desegregation began across America, the Little Rock Nine were the first African-American students to enter an all-white high school. They soon became involved in the Little Rock Crisis, in which Arkansas governor Orval Faubus fought to maintain segregation despite the Brown v. Board of Education verdict:
- Melba Pattillo Beals, 15 years old.
- Minnijean Brown-Trickey, 16 years old.
- Elizabeth Eckford, 15 years old.
- Ernest Green, 16 years old.
- Gloria Ray Karlmark, 15 years old.
- Carlotta Walls LaNier, 14 years old.
- Thelma Mothershed-Wair, 16 years old.
- Terrence Roberts, 15 years old.
- Jefferson Thomas, 15 years old.
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6/1/2016 Los Angeles, CA University of California-Los Angeles
5/15/2016 Augusta, KS Augusta High School
5/13/2016 Greenville, SC Southside High School
5/11/2016 Jamaica, NY St. John's University
5/6/2016 Columbia, MO University of Missouri
5/6/2016 Twin Falls, ID Robert Stuart Middle School
5/6/2016 Panama City, FL Oscar Patterson Elementary School
5/5/2016 Beltsville, MD High Point High School
5/2/2016 Dallas, TX Kimball High School
4/29/2016 Charleston, WV University of Charleston
4/16/2016 Tuskegee, AL Tuskegee University
4/2/2016 Manhattan, KS Kansas State University
3/27/2016 Tacoma, WA University of Puget Sound
3/23/2016 Charlotte, NC Johnson C. Smith University
3/21/2016 Atlanta, GA Georgia State University
3/15/2016 Birmingham, AL Huffman High School
2/29/2016 Middletown, OH Madison High School
2/26/2016 Palestine, TX Palestine High School
2/17/2016 Homosassa, FL Rock Crusher Elementary School
2/12/2016 Glendale, AZ Independence High School
2/9/2016 Muskegon Heights High School, MI Muskegon Heights High School
1/29/2016 Philadelphia, PA Benjamin Franklin High School
1/22/2016 Indianapolis, IN Lawrence Central High School
1/20/2016 Indianapolis, IN Northwest Community High School
1/13/2016 Camden, AR Harmony Grove High School
1/12/2016 Dover, DE Central Middle School
12/29/2015 Greeley, CO, CO Aims Community College
12/18/2015 Jackson, TN Lane College
11/29/2015 Columbus, OH Ohio State University
11/11/2015 Sulphur Rock, AR Sulphur Rock Magnet School
11/10/2015 Lecanto, FL Lecanto High School
11/5/2015 Moultrie, GA Vereen School
11/1/2015 Winston-Salem, NC Winston-Salem State University
10/25/2015 Durham, NC North Carolina Central University
10/24/2015 San Antonio, TX Ed White Middle School
10/22/2015 Nashville, TN Tennessee State University
10/15/2015 San Antonio, TX Wagner High School
10/15/2015 Langston, OK Langston University
10/11/2015 Tampa, FL University of South Florida
10/9/2015 Houston, TX Texas Southern University
10/9/2015 Flagstaff, AZ Northern Arizona University - Flagstaff
10/6/2015 Houston, TX Texas Southern University
10/2/2015 University City, MO University City High School
10/1/2015 Roseburg, OR Umpqua Community College
9/30/2015 Harrisburg, SD Harrisburg High School
9/28/2015 Butte, MT Montana Tech of the University of Montana
9/22/2015 Statesville, NC Central Elementary School
9/14/2015 Cleveland, MS Delta State University
9/11/2015 Lafayette, LA Northside High School
9/3/2015 Sacramento, CA Sacramento City College
8/27/2015 Savannah, GA Savannah State University
8/26/2015 Houston, TX Texas Southern University
8/25/2015 Augusta, GA Hornsby Elementary School
8/23/2015 Richmond, TX William Velasquez Elementary
8/8/2015 Paradise, TX Paradise High School
8/8/2015 Wichita, KS Wichita State
7/27/2015 Gainesville, FL University of Florida
7/24/2015 Converse, TX Elolf Elementary School
7/5/2015 Dallas, TX Coppell Middle School East
6/29/2015 San Antonio, TX John Jay High School
6/23/2015 Fort Calhoun, NE Fort Calhoun Elementary School
6/4/2015 Franklin, NC South Macon Elementary School
5/27/2015 Everglades City, FL Everglades City School
5/24/2015 Flint, MI Southwestern Classical Academy
5/20/2015 Robinson, TX Robinson High School
5/12/2015 Tempe, AZ Corona del Sol High School
5/5/2015 Conyers, GA Conyers Middle School
5/4/2015 Orem, UT Utah Valley Univeristy
5/4/2015 Cleveland, OH Willow Elementary School
4/27/2015 Lacey, WA North Thurston High School
4/22/2015 Las Vegas, NV Ruthe Deskin Elementary School
4/19/2015 Charlotte, NC Johnson C. Smith University
4/19/2015 Dover, DE Delaware State University
4/18/2015 Dover, DE Delaware State University
4/17/2015 Seguin, TX Seguin High School
4/13/2015 Goldsboro, NC Wayne Community College
4/4/2015 Everett, WA Everett Community College
4/2/2015 Jackson, TN Lane College
4/2/2015 Monaca, PA Community College of Beaver County
3/30/2015 University City, MO Pershing Elementary School
2/23/2015 Daytona Beach, FL Bethune-Cookman University
2/15/2015 Athens, GA University of Georgia
2/15/2015 Merced, CA Tenaya Middle School
2/15/2015 Little Rock, AR Lawson Elementary School
2/5/2015 Columbia, SC University of South Carolina
2/4/2015 Frederick, MD Frederick High School
2/2/2015 Mankato, MN Minnesota State University
1/26/2015 Roseville, MN Hand and Hand Montessori
1/23/2015 Hardeeville, SC Royal Live Oaks Academy
1/16/2015 Ocala, FL Vanguard High School
1/15/2015 Milwaukee, WI Wisconson Lutheran High School
12/17/2014 Waterville, ME Benton Elementary School
12/17/2014 Pittsburgh, PA Sunnyside Elementary School
12/5/2014 Claremore, OK Rogers State University
11/23/2014 Annapolis, MD St Johns College
11/20/2014 Tallahasse, FL Florida State University
10/24/2014 Marysville, WA Marysville Pilchuck High School
10/21/2014 Memphis, TN A. Maceo Walker Middle School
10/18/2014 Langston, OK Langston University
10/13/2014 Nashville, TN Tennessee State University
10/8/2014 Elizabeth City, NC Elizabeth City State University
10/3/2014 Fairburn, GA Langston Hughes High School
9/30/2014 Louisville, KY Fern Creek High School
9/30/2014 Albermarle, NC Abermarle High school
9/29/2014 Terre Haute, IN Indiana State University
9/27/2014 Nashville, TN Tennessee State University
9/11/2014 Taylorsville, UT Westbrook Elementary School
9/10/2014 Lake Mary, FL Greenwood Lakes Middle School
9/5/2014 Savannah, GA Savannah State University
9/2/2014 Pocatello, ID Idaho State University
8/14/2014 Newport News, VA Saunders Elementary
8/13/2014 Fredrick, MD Heather Ridge High school
6/27/2014 Miami, FL University of Miami
6/23/2014 Benton, MO Kelly High School
6/10/2014 Troutdale, OR Reynolds High School
6/5/2014 Seattle, WA Seattle Pacific University
5/21/2014 Milwaukee, WI Clarke Street School Playground
5/8/2014 Georgetown, KY Georgetown College
5/8/2014 Lawrenceville, GA Georgia Gwinnett College
5/5/2014 Augusta, GA Paine College
5/4/2014 Augusta, GA Paine College
5/3/2014 Everett, WA Horizon Elementary
5/2/2014 Milwaukee, WI Marquette University
4/21/2014 Griffith, IN St. Mary Catholic School
4/21/2014 Provo, UT Provo High School
4/16/2014 Council Bluffs, IA Iowa Western Community College
4/11/2014 Detroit, MI East English Village Preparatory Academy
4/9/2014 Greenville, NC D. H. Conley High School
4/3/2014 Kent, OH Kent State University
3/30/2014 Savannah, GA Savannah State University
3/25/2014 Atlanta, GA Banneker High School
3/23/2014 Newark, DE University of Delaware
3/8/2014 Oshkosh, WI University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh
3/7/2014 Tallulah, LA Madison Parish High School
3/2/2014 Westminster, MD McDaniel College
2/20/2014 Raytown, MO Raytown Success Academy
2/12/2014 Jackson, TN Union University
2/11/2014 Lyndhurst, OH Charles F. Brush High School
2/10/2014 Salisbury, NC Salisbury High School
2/7/2014 Bend, OR Bend High School
1/31/2014 Des Moines, IA North High School
1/31/2014 Phoenix, AZ Cesar Chavez High School
1/28/2014 Grambling, LA Grambling State University
1/28/2014 Nashville, TN Tennessee State University
1/27/2014 Carbondale, IL Rebound High School
1/24/2014 Orangeburg, SC South Carolina State University
1/21/2014 West Lafayette, IN Purdue University
1/20/2014 Chester, PA Widener University
1/17/2014 Philadelphia, PA Delaware Valley Charter High School
1/15/2014 Lancaster, PA King Elementary School
1/14/2014 Roswell, NM Berrendo Middle School
1/9/2014 Jackson, TN Liberty Technology Magnet High School
12/19/2013 Fresno, CA Edison High School
12/13/2013 Centennial, CO Arapahoe High School
12/4/2013 Winter Garden, FL West Orange High School
11/21/2013 Rapid City, SD South Dakota School of Mines & Technology
11/3/2013 Stone Mountain, GA Stephenson High School
11/2/2013 Greensboro, NC North Carolina A&T State University
11/1/2013 Algona, IA Algona High/Middle School
10/21/2013 Sparks, NV Sparks Middle School
10/15/2013 Austin, TX Lanier High School
10/4/2013 Pine Hills, FL Agape Christian Academy
9/28/2013 Gray, ME Gray-New Gloucester High School
9/21/2013 Savannah, GA Savannah State University
8/30/2013 Winston-Salem, NC Carver High School
8/23/2013 Sardis, MS North Panola High School
8/22/2013 Memphis, TN Westside Elementary School
8/20/2013 Decatur, GA Ronald E. McNair Discovery Learning Academy
8/15/2013 Clarksville, TN Northwest High School
6/19/2013 West Palm Beach, FL Alexander W. Dreyfoos School of the Arts
6/18/2013 Charlotte, NC Hidden Valley Elementary School
6/7/2013 Santa Monica, CA Santa Monica College
5/14/2013 Birmingham, AL Ossie Ware Mitchell Middle School
5/3/2013 Hattiesburg, MS University of Southern Mississippi
4/30/2013 Tularosa, NM Tularosa Elementary School
4/29/2013 Cincinnati, OH La Salle High School
4/16/2013 Tuscaloosa, AL Stillman College
4/15/2013 Grambling, LA Grambling State University
4/13/2013 Elizabeth City, NC Elizabeth City State University
4/12/2013 Christiansburg, VA New River Community College
3/21/2013 Southgate, MI Davidson Middle School
3/18/2013 Orlando, FL University of Central Florida
2/27/2013 Atlanta, GA Henry W. Grady High School
2/13/2013 San Leandro, CA Hillside Elementary School
2/1/2013 Atlanta, GA Morehouse College
1/31/2013 Atlanta, GA Price Middle School
1/22/2013 Houston, TX Lone Star College North Harris Campus
1/16/2013 Chicago, IL Chicago State University
1/15/2013 St. Louis, MO Stevens Institute of Business & Arts
1/15/2013 Hazard, KY Hazard Community and Technical College
1/10/2013 Taft, CA Taft Union High School
1/8/2013 Fort Myers, FL Apostolic Revival Center Christian School
Attack on other person(s) resulting in injury or death.
Reflects incidents in GA.